Saturday, May 23, 2020

Aging Silent Killers Of The Aging Body - 1840 Words

Aging: Silent Killers of the Aging Body Desiray E. Hunt SOCI 4135: Sociology of Aging November 10th, 2017 Silent Killers of the Aging Body Abstract: Honor Statement: This term paper is original work. I have not presented any content that has been copied from the works of others or written by someone else. I have carefully checked my work to make sure my citations are accurate and in the standard American Sociological Association format. Furthermore, I understand that any plagiarism will result in a failing grade for this paper. Desiray Elizabeth Hunt 11/10/17 Signature: Date: Silent Killers of the Aging Body†¦show more content†¦Diabetes has a social, political and program significance in the United States. In addition, older adults in late adulthood with diabetes presents public health challenges for the future to come. With involvement from public health, steps can be taken to prevent and control diabetes and the individuals’ health care needs. The Statement of the Topic: What is Diabetes? According to the Center for Disease Control, diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process for use as energy (Center for Disease Control, n.d). The body supplies its energy by turning in most of the food an individual takes in by turning it into glucose, which is sugar for the body to use as energy (Center for Disease Control, n.d). Diabetes develops because the body does not make enough insulin or is unable to use the insulin it produces effectively. As a result, the glucose or sugar builds up in the individuals’ blood. If severe, diabetes has the potential to cause serious health complications which include heart diseases, failure of the kidneys, blindness and lower-extremity amputations (Center for Disease Control, n.d). In fact, according to the Center for Disease Control, diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States (Center for Disease Control, n.d). Moreover, African Americans are 1.7 times as likely toShow MoreRelatedOsteoporos is And Incidence Of Osteoporosis1348 Words   |  6 Pages Osteoporosis in aging women is an important topic. Of the estimated 10 million Americans with osteoporosis, about eight million or 80% are women ( This statistic show that osteoporosis is common and is a major public health issue. This devastating disease is prevalent among middle aged and older women. Research indicates that it is estimated that 200 million women have osteoporosis (Lane, 2006).This statistic is indication that all women should be concerned about this disease and howRead MorePe 160 : Reflection Paper871 Words   |  4 Pagesliving independently. Another important ‘lesson learned’ in PE 160, is how eating a healthy diet postpones the effects of aging, and the length and quality of your life. 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One of these diseases that plague older adults andRead MoreNuclear Energy Is A Threat Weapon Of Mass Destruction1641 Words   |  7 Pagesit as a silent killer and something that will turn your babies into mutants with six arms, it puts the masses on edge. But, in reality, we experience radiation constantly in our daily lives; as a matter of fact, moderate amounts of radiation are considered beneficial and natural. Every day, radioactive emissions from the stars and other celestial entities bombard the planet, dousing the entire Earth in a fine coating o f good old harmless radiation. Most aren’t even aware that our own bodies are considered

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Modernization Theory And Development Of Human Beings

Freedom is essential for the development of human beings. In order for individuals to be free, societies must guarantee a healthy environment which enables citizens to be governed by leaders that represent their interests. The system of government which allows for this is democracy. But democracy, which is a term that comes from the greek demos and kratos â€Å"rule of the people†, will only thrive under appropriate conditions. Modernization theory claims that economic and technological development are the factors conducive to democratic changes (Inglehart, 2014). Economic development is described as â€Å"a process that influences growth and restructuring of an economy to enhance the economic well being of a community, creating jobs and wealth, and improving the quality of life† (Anderson, n.d.). For a long time, Modernization Theory was widely accepted, but after analysing evidence of democratic changes in many nations gathered during the past decades a revised vers ion of it was proposed by Ronald Inglehart, known as the Evolutionary Modernization Theory. According to Inglehart (2014) economic development will tend to lead to democracy, but other outcomes are possible because there are many factors which influence what will happen. Economic development is the main factor that leads to democratization, but cultural change is the other factor that can determine the political outcome in a specific country. Most of the developed countries in the world have democratic regimes. As itShow MoreRelatedModernization Theory Vs Dependency Theory1227 Words   |  5 PagesModernization theory vs Dependency theory While many theorists have numerous explanations towards underdevelopment, experts like David Brooks and Peter Hallward have described the natural disaster in Haiti to be brutally destructive primarily due to its poverty. With this said, by reducing the poverty level in countries such as Haiti, it is possible to avoid the many disasters that they face. Reducing poverty means that society must accept development. What is development and how can it be achievedRead MoreModernization : A Principle That Looks At The Domestic Elements Of A Rustic With The Belief That Essay1474 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Modernization is a principle that looks at the domestic elements of a rustic with the belief that, with help underdeveloped nations can be brought to improvement in the use of the equal strategies that greater advanced nations used. Modernization concept specializes in the social factors which facilitate social progress and improvement of societies, and similarly aims to provide an explanation for the procedure of social evolution. This concept now not handiest stresses the manner ofRead MoreEffects of Modernization1291 Words   |  6 Pages(Also Modernization) is a concept in the sphere of social sciences that refers to process in which society goes through industrialization, urbanization and other social changes that completely transforms the lives of individuals. The concept of modernization comes from a view of societies as having a standard evolutionary pattern, as described in the social evolutionism theories. According to this each society would evolve inexorably from barbarism to ever greater levels of development and civilizationRead MoreModernization Theory Of The Post War Years1324 Words   |  6 Pages In his inaugural speech in 1949, Truman captured the United States’ optimistic sentiment with regards to development following the Second World War. The United States found themselves in a unique position where they had shown their military and technological prowess, were the only victor whose infrastructure had not been damaged by the war and saw themselves as the technological leader of the world and a model to be emulated. Along with growing fears about Cold War tensions and the threat of communismRead MoreModernization Theory Of India s Democracy1722 Words   |  7 Pagesemergence of democracy. The idea that economic development will lead to democratization and democratic consolidation generally holds for most cases. More often than not, increasing economic development increases the probability that any given society will have democratic politics. Although this theory is widely spread it does not seem to account for all cases, such as India. Due to the large population of India, the defying factors against modernization theory are not easily overlooked. Many scholars haveRead MoreGlobalization Of Cambodia863 Words   |  4 Pagesconsidered relatively homogenous, with 90% of the population being of Khmer origin and speaking the Khmer Language (â€Å"Cambodia population,† n.d.). The other ethnic groups that comprise a majority of the country are Chinese: 5% and Vietnamese: 1% (â€Å"Cambodia population,† n.d.). As a result of the civil war of Cambodia and the later genocide that occurred, about 50% of the modern population is under the age of 22, with the media n age being 24.9 years old (â€Å"Cambodia population,† n.d.). Over 95% of theRead MoreModernity And Technology922 Words   |  4 PagesInterestingly enough, technology is defined as, â€Å"a manner of accomplishing a task especially using  technical  processes, methods, or knowledge,† (Merriam Webster). This attributes a task being complete via an advanced method of methodology. With that in mind, this concept of technology could be referred to as being relative to a particular time space. Therefore, this paper refers to technology as within the digital age. Modernity relies on technology for its connect. It is not inherently the gadgetsRead MoreThe Recent Engagement Of Contemporary Islamic Thought With Modernity875 Words   |  4 PagesSerhan Tanriverdi Contemporary Islamic Thought Dr. Ermin Sinanovic Reflection Paper The Recent Engagement of Contemporary Islamic Thought with Modernity in the West Modernization theory has been one of the master theoretical narratives to understand the major institutional and cultural transformation from traditional societies to modern ones. It was developed by the founders of sociology and has dominated the widespread understanding and explanations of many social differentiation processes includingRead MoreFuture of Modernization1108 Words   |  5 Pagespeople forward by building on foundations of traditions. When traditions are lost, modernization sets in. Modernization is when technology blends with culture and they exist together in a contemporary time period. The main issue with modernization is that it is a continuing cycle of innovations and change that never cease and force the loss of traditions. There are four key concepts which help explain how modernization manifests; first, the decline of small, traditional communities, second, the increaseRead MoreThe Second Wave Of Democracy1682 Words   |  7 Pagesscholars to re-evaluate the leading theories on democratization in an attempt to correlate and understand this newest wave of democracy. Many of the countries that didn’t fit in this established wealthy, mostly â€Å"Western† mold, could be classified and explained by the voluntarist theory. In order for democracy to survive nations that didn’t fit this mold they had to overcome the structural obstacles, as highlighted by those scholars who proposed alternate theories of democratization. Nations were dependent

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Certain Catalysts Can Affect Change, Gow’s Away Compared to the Help Free Essays

People can act as catalysts for change. Both Gow and Taylor use the main character’s circumstances to affect change in attitude amongst the other characters. In ‘Away’, Tom’s fatal illness causes the other characters to realise the value of their lives and become more positive about life. We will write a custom essay sample on Certain Catalysts Can Affect Change, Gow’s Away Compared to the Help or any similar topic only for you Order Now In ‘The help’, Skeeter’s mission to write a book to uncover the harsh mistreatment of the African American helpers to change the white community’s attitude. In both texts the authors use techniques appropriate to their medium to demonstrate this change in attitude. In ‘The Help’ the character Skeeter is the catalyst for change. The change she causes is a change in mentality towards the African American helpers. This change in mentality is represented through Skeeter’s mother. Gow uses contrasting scenes to show the mother’s change in mentality, which is also represented through the general change in the attitude of the white community. This is shown through the juxtaposition of the early scene where Skeeter and her helpers are sitting in the television room watching an African American speak on TV. Skeeter’s mother finds them watching the African American and commands them to turn it off. With the use of a low camera angle Skeeter’s mother shows authority and power over the African American helpers as well as Skeeter herself. In the end scene Skeeter and the African American helpers are watching the same thing on TV. Skeeter sees her mother and goes to turn off the TV. Skeeter’s mother says to leave it on and joins them on the couch. The camera angle changes in this scene from the early scene whereby Taylor makes use of a low camera angle. Skeeter’s mother does not show authority or power over everyone including the African American helpers. Skeeter is shocked by this change in attitude, but is happy that her mother is finally changing her mentality towards the helpers. Therefore through the use of contrasting camera angles, Taylor shows a change in attitude, brought about by the catalyst of Skeeter’s character. In ‘Away’, Gow also uses the main character as the catalyst for change. Like in â€Å"The Help†, the change he causes is a change in mentality of the other characters. This change occurs due to Tom’s fatal illness, which makes the other characters in the play become more positive and realise how precious life is. The change in mentality is shown through one particular character, Gwen. The techniques used to show the change in mentality is the use of stage directions and dialogue. The use of these techniques show the way that Gwen changes her attitude towards life. At the beginning of the play, the use of repetition of the word ‘no’ demonstrates her negativity. This negativity is changed when Gwen finds out that Tom has a fatal illness and does not have very long to live. This causes Gwen to see her life in a different mentality, changing her into a nicer and more appreciative person. This is shown through the technique of stage directions in the final scene of the play, where ‘the applause is led thunderously by Gwen’. This technique shows the shift in mentality to a much more positive outlook on life. In conclusion, both Gow and Taylor show how people can act as catalysts for change. In both ‘Away’ and ‘The Help’ the main characters are the catalysts for a change in mentality. This change is a time consuming process, however both Gow and Taylor show how valuable this change can be. How to cite Certain Catalysts Can Affect Change, Gow’s Away Compared to the Help, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Financial Accounting Mechanism of Accounting Assisting

Question: Describe about the Financial Accounting for Mechanism of Accounting Assisting. Answer: Introduction This study deals with various systems as well as mechanism of accounting assisting in monitoring and controlling the business operations of Woolworths Limited. In this particular assignment, emphasis has been given to the measurement value of retail organization in Australia named as Woolworths Limited. It describes understanding of concepts of measurement with proper justification from the annual report of Woolworths Limited. It further discusses the problems based upon measurement in presenting on AASB framework standards from using annual reports on Woolworths Limited. It explains the evaluation of issue from the context of AASB or IASB standard framework on Woolworths Limited. It comments upon the relationship between employments of measurement bases rendering useful information from the annual report of Woolworths Limited. Woolworths Limited is one of the Australian listed companies operating in retail sector in and around Australia and New Zealand (, 2016). It is the second largest retail industry after Wesfarmers Limited in terms of revenue. This particular retail sector involves in supermarkets such as rendering petrol, liquor, home improvement as well as hotels and general merchandise (Kang Gray, 2013). This assignment explains the critical evaluation of measurement concepts by pointing out the compliance attributes in accordance with General Purpose Financial Reports using financial information of Woolworths Limited. It detects using solutions for the diverse issues in association with measurement process. This study renders detailed explanation on the concept of prudence and conceptual configuration especially for financial reporting in accordance with AASB or IASB Framework (Miller Power, 2013). The maintenance of prudence and integrity in the financial statements can be analysed for the financial statements. Evaluation of General Purpose Financial Reports Different Measurement bases using Conceptual Framework In this particular question, it requires explaining the concepts of measurement with justified examples based upon Woolworths Limited Company. Conceptual framework for financial reporting mainly aims at describing the objectives of general purpose of financial reporting. It helps in assisting IASB for development of Standards based upon consistent concepts. It enables preparation of developing consistent accounting policies in applying particular transaction or event in the accounting policies (Henderson et al., 2015). Addition to that, it assists others for understanding as well as interpreting Accounting Standards for future analysis purpose. Conceptual Framework helps in indicating intentions for viewing at the principles of the general purpose of financial reporting (Barth, 2013). Conceptual structure is one of the tools for assisting Board of Company for developmental process of financial standards on various notions (, 2016). This particular framework aims in preparing the general purpose of financial reporting based upon effectual and using reliable strategies of accounting. It uses financial standards for authorizing selection of various accounting plans based upon Woolworths Limited. This particular accounting framework enables enhancing structure of financial coverage as it offers absolute as well as restructured set of principles in the most appropriate way (Edwards, 2013). Financial Statement of Woolworths Limited effectively compiles in accordance with Conceptual Framework AASB or IASB principle models. It aims at gathering facts regarding different intention of major financial declarations as well as diverse qualitative uniqueness. Addition to that, it requires usage of usefulness of financial statements for future analysis purpose (DRURY, 2013). From the annual report of Woolworths Limited, it utilizes comprising facts of current asset as well as non-current liabilities and shareholder equity at the same time. It uses items from the financial report of Woolworths Limited for illustrative facts on financial situation of a particular Business Corporation. Addition to that, corporate structure attributes enables in the evaluation process for checking the financial health of Business Corporation from financial perspective such as income, profit as well as operating expenses in an effective way (Deegan, 2013). Therefore, conceptual framework renders deta iled description on diverse factors on recognizing diverse items for making the financial declaration of the Woolworths Limited. Purpose of conceptual framework undertakes interpretation of Standards for initiating the financial reporting entities. It aims in preparing the general purpose of financial reports for developing effective on timely way. IASB proposes for the measurement principles in related information in accordance with measurement method. It depends upon the viewing at the financial position of Woolworths Limited. It is the cost for measurement bases for justification of benefits especially by existing as well as potential investors, creditors and lenders. Various measures have been undertaken for providing necessary information in contributing with future cash flows (Bonin, 2013). Concepts of measurement Problems of measurement in the context of the present AASB Framework As rightly indicated by Donelson et al., (2012), the accounting principles AASB 13 Fair Value Measurement points out towards the procedure of institution of an individual and principle based structure for the purpose of enumeration at fair value during the time there is necessity for the AASB. However, the AASB 13 usually does not change at the time when a specific business entity has the need to employ fair value. As a result, the AASB 13 involves different principles concerning the best exercises, evaluation principles (Apostolou et al., 2013). Besides this, the AASB 13 also calls for the need of implementation of the fair value. The analysis of the financial statements of the company Woolworths Limited reflects the fact that the board of the business entity adheres to the principles laid down by the charter. This is essentially accountable for the purpose of institution as well as analysis of different strategic direction and at the same time supervision of entire procedure of exe cution of the policy of Woolworths Limited (, 2016). The preparers of the financial statements use the historical cost convention for the purpose of the entire presentation of the financial accounts of the company barring different assets as well as liabilities and at the same time certain derivative instruments (Ryan et al., 2014). Therefore, the ascertainment of the fair value as well as historical cost as the basis of the enumeration can be regarded as a problem of measurement (Weil et al., 2013). The conceptual framework can help in understanding the definition, process of recognition as well as measurement of varied components of financial statements, principles of capital as well as maintenance of capital. However, the main objective of the general purpose financial reporting is to provide essential financial information concerning the reporting entity (Brigham Ehrhardt, 2013). Again, the users of the financial information can employ the financial accounts for making decisions (Williams, 2016). Inventory: The assessment of the inventory of the company indicates that the net inventory of the corporation decreased to $ 272 million owing to diverse differences in the timing of imbursements of different creditors (, 2016). The incapability to handle the inventory in the retail business of Woolworths Limited can thereby impair the overall competitive position of the corporation (Botzem, 2012). The operating revenue of the company Woolworths Limited is usually presented at the fair value founded on diverse considerations that can be accepted depending upon different criterion for acknowledgment. Therefore, the revenue of the corporation can be recognized at the fair value, recognized net of absolute returns and at the same time discounts (Alexander, 2013). Therefore, the revenue of the firm is recognized at the fair value including certain assets as well as liabilities (, 2016). Accounts Receivables, Bad Debt as well as doubtful debt The corporation Woolworths Limited calculates the accounts receivables in the financial accounts by including different amounts of the goods and services tax, 2016). However, the trade receivables are essentially recognized at the fair value and are measured at amortised cost by the specific interest mechanism after subtraction of different allowance for impairment (Miller Power, 2013). Plant, property as well as equipment: The corporation plant, property as well as equipment are generally measured at cost after proper subtraction of accumulated depreciation as well as amortization along with the accrued loss of impairment. Again, the company also uses the straight-line method of depreciation over a specific period (Kang Gray, 2013). Evaluation of the issues of measurement in the context of AASB standards and framework As rightly put forward by Henderson et al., (2015), the process of evaluation includes different issues of measurement in the context of AASB standards as well as framework. The analysis of the annual statements point out towards important issues in different accounting strategies adopted by the management of Woolworths Limited (, 2016). The specific issues of accounting that can be recognized from the annual financial statements comprise of the discount rates, assumptions of employee benefits as well as actuarial suppositions (Edwards, 2013). The evaluation of the financial reports of the firm reveals the fact that the cash flows of the corporation are essentially discounted by utilizing a pre tax rate that can help in replicating diverse present suppositions of the entire market concerning the time value of money. Therefore, there arises risk as regards the liability in entirety (Yong et al., 2016). However, the approximations utilized for diverse future ad vantages of members of the staff consider the future salary and wages. The approximations are expected to have adequate material influence (Larcker et al., 2012). In addition to this, the management of the corporation Woolworths Limited also makes suppositions regarding the actuarial aspects. This actuarial suppositions are also said have material influence and can be regarded as a critical issue in accounting. In addition to this, different issues in accounting that are essentially identified by the audit committee of the Woolworths Limited include the process of implementation of the concept of materiality that in turn treats and evaluates the magnitude of specific misstatements in the financial declarations (, 2016). Furthermore, the issues that primarily the finance managers and the audit committee of the company Woolworths Limited faces can be associated to the accounting standards that orient around different intricacies related to adjustments of the c arrying amounts of diverse assets as well as liabilities (, 2016). However, as per the annual statements, the business corporation Woolworth Limited also faces higher degrees of risk as well as intricacies in the process of adjustment of carrying amounts of both assets and liabilities that are included within the consequent periods mentioned in particular notes (DRURY, 2013). Again, the corporation can also make use of diverse models on accounting and that have the need for assignment of the fair value. Analysis of the process of reporting revenue in the financial declarations: Association between process of enumeration and different provision of decision-making The preparers of the financial declarations of Woolworths Limited primarily conform to the stipulations under the Corporations Act 2001 and the principles conditioned under Australian Accounting Standard Board (, 2016). In addition to this, the management of the organization also presents the financial declarations as per different listing rules mentioned under the Australian Stock Exchange (, 2016). In addition to this, the company Woolworths Limited has also adopted the accounting strategy of providing the stable disclosures that can assist the financiers of the corporation in gaining a clear overview concerning the overall financial performance in addition to the financial position of the corporation (Deegan, 2013). Further this, the continuous disclosure also helps in the process of boosting the investors confidence by maintenance of transparency, integrity as well as dependability of the business operations of the entity along wi th the different declarations made by the business concern (Uyar Gungormus, 2016). As rightly put forward by Bonin (2013), the procedure involved in the preparation as well as presentation of financial declarations of the corporation also needs to adhere to different stipulations conditioned under the conceptual framework (CF) under AASB. Again, the conceptual framework also helps in gaining a clear understanding concerning the definition, aims of the financial declarations together with the scope as well as criteria for the acknowledgment of the data (Hall, 2012). Besides this, the structure of the conceptual framework also helps in comprehending different mechanisms involved in the process of measurement of diverse items in the financial declarations of the business concerns (Barth, 2013). Consequently, wide range of investors of the company Woolworths Limited can scrutinize the overall effectiveness as well as efficacy of the operations of the business by way of utilizing the financial declarations of the company Woolworths Limited (, 20 16). Again, the process of enumeration points out towards orientation of financial declarations of the firm towards prudence in the conceptual constitution. The compliance of the financial statements of the corporation to different pertinent standards can help in making it certain the reliability as well as overall steadiness of the financial declarations (Hall, 2012). In addition to this, the compliance with the pertinent standards can help in the process of analysis of particular financial declarations. However, the conformation with different rules as well as regulations conditioned under the accounting standards can therefore help in the process of averting diverse intentional attempts towards material misstatements in the financial statements (Larcker et al., 2012). This in turn can help in making it certain that the financial announcements presented in accordance with the conceptual configuration can aid in minimizing the committed errors owing to the fraudulent actions and unconsci ous mistakes. The minimization of the errors can help in maintenance of the prudence that refers towards the notion of maintenance of caution with the intention as well as purpose of providing judgements for different intensities of uncertainty (Deegan, 2012). The financial declarations of Woolworths maintaining prudence can benefit from the consistency as well as stability of information and at the same time neutrality of different activities. Therefore, the adherence to the conceptual framework and the maintenance of the prudence can assist in avoiding biasness that can affect the financial performance in the upcoming period (Uyar Gungormus, 2016). This reflects the fact that the maintenance of prudence can help the financiers in maintenance of the reliance on different financial declarations and turn up at functional decisions (Yong et al., 2016). However, the investors can help in evaluation of the overall financial condition of the corporation Woolworths Limited by studying di fferent levels of inventory and the efficacy of the corporation in process of conversion of inventory to sales prior to framing important decisions (, 2016). The dimensions used in the process of enumeration of the plant, property as well as equipment can also assist the investors in comprehending the overall value (Ryan et al., 2014). This in turn can help the financiers to become reactive to diverse alternatives of investment of the corporation on plant, property as well as equipment. Again, the investments decisions by the management of the business concern especially might point out towards the overall the negative cash flow that assists the process of creation of revenue during the future period (Williams, 2016). As a result, different items declared in financial declarations according to the requisite principles can thereby assist the shareholders of the firm as well as several other communities of financiers in gaining vivid idea regarding the financi al condition of the corporation (Uyar Gungormus, 2016). Conclusion and Recommendations At the end of the study, it is concluded that the financiers are required to evaluate the various items from financial reports of Woolworths Limited. This enables presenting the various concepts of measurement bases in aligning with the conceptual framework. The above study renders detailed explanation on the AASB Standards Conceptual Framework discussing on the issues faced by Woolworth Limited Company. It requires understanding of the problems in relation with measurement of AASB Standards of Woolworths Limited Company. Addition to that, present study explains relationship between measured employments in Woolworths Limited for making decision-making process. Potential investors analyzes on various items for presentation of financial reports of Woolworths Limited. It explains the disclosure policies of the Australian listed retail firm in compilation with Corporation Act in the year 2001 as well as Australian listed rules. It involves continuous disclosure policies for promotion of confidence of potential investors in alignment with integrity and securities. Inventory of Woolworths Limited increases because of increased establishment of new stores in and around Australia. Potential investors analyzes with the efficiency of Woolworths Limited into sales for final decision-making process. It is important to understand the fact that investors should be aware regarding the investments by Woolworths Limited especially for fixed assets such as Plant, Property and Equipment. There are various investments made in the PPE intangibles for initial cash outflows for generation of profits in the upcoming financial years. This particular attributes boosts extreme level of sentiments for the potential investors ob positive terms. The financiers can utilize the financial statements and make use of the statements for analysing the financial position of the company. The analysis of the statement can help them in framing the decision regarding investments. References (2016).Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) - Home. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Aug. 2016]. Alexander, D., (2013).Financial reporting: the theoretical and regulatory framework. Springer. Apostolou, B., Dorminey, J. W., Hassell, J. M., Watson, S. F. (2013). Accounting education literature review (20102012).Journal of Accounting Education,31(2), 107-161. Barth, M.E., (2013). Measurement in financial reporting: The need for concepts.Accounting Horizons,28(2), pp.331-352. Bonin, H., (2013).Generational accounting: theory and application. Springer Science Business Media. Botzem, S., (2012).The politics of accounting regulation: Organizing transnational standard setting in financial reporting. Edward Elgar Publishing. Brigham, E.F. Ehrhardt, M.C., (2013).Financial management: Theory practice. Cengage Learning. Deegan, C., (2012).Australian financial accounting. McGraw-Hill Education Australia. Deegan, C., (2013).Financial accounting theory. McGraw-Hill Education Australia. Donelson, D. C., McInnis, J. M., Mergenthaler, R. D. (2012). Rules-based accounting standards and litigation.The Accounting Review,87(4), 1247-1279. DRURY, C.M., (2013).Management and cost accounting. Springer. Edwards, J.R., (2013).A History of Financial Accounting (RLE Accounting)(Vol. 29). Routledge. Hall, J. A. (2012).Accounting information systems. Cengage Learning. Henderson, S., Peirson, G., Herbohn, K. Howieson, B., (2015).Issues in financial accounting. Pearson Higher Education AU. Kang, H. Gray, S.J., (2013). Segment reporting practices in Australia: Has IFRS 8 made a difference?.Australian Accounting Review,23(3), pp.232-243. Larcker, D. F., Richardson, S. A., Tuna, I. (2012). Corporate governance, accounting outcomes, and organizational performance.The Accounting Review,82(4), 963-1008. Miller, P. Power, M., (2013). Accounting, organizing, and economizing: Connecting accounting research and organization theory.The Academy of Management Annals,7(1), pp.557-605. Ryan, C., Mack, J., Tooley, S. Irvine, H., (2014). Do Notà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Forà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Profits Need Their Own Conceptual Framework?.Financial Accountability Management,30(4), pp.383-402. Uno, K. Bartelmus, P. eds., (2013).Environmental accounting in theory and practice(Vol. 11). Springer Science Business Media. Uyar, A., Gungormus, A. H. (2016). Factors associated with student performance in financial accounting course. European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, 4(2), 141-156 Weil, R. L., Schipper, K., Francis, J. (2013).Financial accounting: an introduction to concepts, methods and uses. Cengage Learning. Williams, B. J. (2016). The new frontiers of accounting fraud: The impact of accounting standards convergence on fair and accurate financial reporting (Doctoral dissertation, UTICA COLLEGE). (2016).Quality Brands and Trusted Retailing - Woolworths Limited. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Aug. 2016]. Yong, K.O., Lim, C.Y. Tan, P., (2016). Theory and practice of the proposed conceptual framework: Evidence from the field.Advances in Accounting.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Contemporary Sexuality Class Monogamy

Monogamy and polygamy are the two different kinds of marriages that exist in the world today in which the former is regarded as the norm and the latter as the exception to the rule. These social patterns for marriage have differentiating circumstances encompassing their views. Monogamy, common in the developed countries, is whereby a person has one spouse at any one time. In contrast, polygamy, which is commonly favored in the traditional African and Muslim setting, takes place when a single male marries more than one female. Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Contemporary Sexuality Class: Monogamy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The practice of monogamy has been held in high esteem and is considered as the social expectation of anyone in a romantic, sexual relationship. However, as much as this practice has been ingrained in popular culture, it should not continue to be socially expected, demanded of people. We s hould rethink this cultural sexual norm. The practice of polygamy has been unlawful in the United States since 1862. However, it has not been enforced strictly. The Mormon Church is well known for allowing this kind of marriage until the year 1980 when it outlawed it. It is important to note that the practice of polygamy is composed of polygyny and polyandry. Polygyny is whereby a man has at least two wives. On the other hand, polyandry is whereby a woman has at least two husbands. As much as monogamy has been held in high esteem by the developed world, its basic function as the center of civilization has not been understood properly. Most people hold the false perception that monogamy leads to a peaceful social contract, which is the basis for cultural harmony and economic growth. This vague awareness has never been explored intensively. No one has expressed that the practice of having one spouse at a time is merely an ancient compromise whose failure only leads to antagonisms th at people have failed to acknowledge for a long time. After all, this practice is regarded as the result of the age-old sexual dance, apart from others whose characteristics may not be so appealing. Similar to every hard-worn compromise, monogamy is not able to give a perfect result to every person. Closer examination of this practice reveals numerous private dissatisfactions, which remain a form of â€Å"deviance† that is generally suppressed and disapproved by most people. Advertising Looking for essay on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Although this â€Å"deviance† has proved to be virtually impossible to eradicate, it has formed a nagging undercurrent of displeasure within any monogamous culture. Our society currently is full of children born out of wedlock, sexual infidelity, public prostitution, and an ever-increasing rise in divorce rate. However, if we rethink our sexual cultural norm, we can be able to eliminate some of these evils. This is because some of these evils have resulted since the system of monogamy is unable to make every person happy. It is true that a marked variability exists among people and they often want to be paired with their desirable sexual partners. Because of these, discontentment will always exist under the system of monogamy. Marriage is considered the best of all human institutions since it perpetuates the human race, lays the foundation of an organized society, and leads to the sharing of responsibilities. However, we are aware that these benefits have been denied to many, especially the women. Even as they have been deprived of their rights, the fault is not theirs. Since they possess the same susceptibilities for love that others have, they would prefer a wedded life. The fault can be traced to the tyrannical regulations and the fashions of the artificial system of social life that is practiced in this century. The culture of monogam y must be at fault since it is incapable of giving every one on this planet his or her marriage partner. On the other hand, the system of polygamy does not deprive women the benefits of marriage. The fact that women who are ready for marriage are more than men who are ready for marriage further illustrates this proposition. The surplus of women is due to men dying during warfare, violent incidences, and women living for many years than men. This proves that the system of monogamy is in itself unequal and unjust. It has been proven that women generally mature faster than men do; therefore, young women become marriageable at a much earlier age. Even after reaching marriageable age, most men prefer to devote most of their years working before they start to assume matrimonial duties. The result is that most men wed at a later period in their lives. Therefore, if monogamy will continue to be socially expected, then more women will fail to enjoy a marriage life. Furthermore, it has been observed that many men just do not want to marry even after acquiring the means of supporting a family. A number of them no longer have their youthful desires. In contrast, some have acquired decided habits of celibacy and others are too gay to think of marriage. More so, some are too busy or too selfish and others have been diseased by the contagious poison of low vice which makes them unfit for marriage. Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Contemporary Sexuality Class: Monogamy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, the female sex is less susceptible to these difficulties and few of them are usually unwilling to marry. This is because they are naturally dependant on their male counterparts. This dependency is more evident in a marriage relationship. Therefore, it is only in marriage that women are able to fulfill their highest destiny in life. However, monogamy is cruel and oppressive and denies many women from reaching this state in life. Some argue that polygamy is a means of poverty because of the increase of family responsibilities. However, honestly, they fail to notice that a polygamous marriage is more economically secure than a monogamous one. This is because there is an added income, another pair of hands to run the family errands, or perhaps another shoulder to lean on in times of crises. To this end, it is clear that monogamy, which has been held in high esteem for many years, should not continue to be socially expected in our modern world. Polygamy can assist in holding families together and lowering the incidences of infidelity that are common in the society. In a situation in which a wife is barren, the man, in order to preserve his lineage, can comfortably get another wife without throwing out the barren one. If a wife is suffering from a chronic illness, polygamy prevents illicit relationships from taking place. In addition, since men are outnumbered, polygamy is able to deter women from engaging in prostitution to fulfill their sexual desires. This essay on Contemporary Sexuality Class: Monogamy was written and submitted by user Bruce Banner to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Small Group Success

Small Group Success Introduction Acts 29 Network is a small group of Christian brothers in more than 400 churches in the US (Acts 29 Network, 2011, para. 1-6). The group’s mission is to spread the Gospel to the whole world and to establish new churches in different parts of the world. The group’s desire is to for a large number of people to be converted by God’s Spirit.Advertising We will write a custom article sample on Small Group Success specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Over the past decade, the group has been very successful in its effort to attain its mission. For a small group to work effectively, a number of strategies must be integrated. Some of these skills relate to ensuring effective communication. This paper entails an analysis of what has made Acts 29 Network to be successful. The analysis emphasizes on communication in small groups. Analysis In its operation, Acts 29 Network ensures that there is clarity on the groupâ⠂¬â„¢s mission amongst its members. To achieve this, the group ensures that all the ‘planters’ have a clear understanding of the set standards regarding its operations. The network achieves this by incorporating good leadership that ensures a clear and comprehensive understanding of its mission and vision. The group has developed a strong leadership culture that ensures that its members have a strong understanding of its philosophy before starting. To uphold this, the network has integrated continuous communication which entails emphasizing the core values that the members should uphold. This has culminated into the members developing a well-build sense of vision and mission. Additionally, the effective leadership keeps the team members focused. Considering the network’s mission to spread the gospel to the whole world, the group has incorporated the concept of teamwork. This has been achieved by organizing evangelical projects which team members participate in. T he team leaders are effective in helping all members to participate by undertaking a comprehensive explanation of all the activities that the team members are expected to undertake. Some of these activities include participating with other men from different denominations in spreading the gospel. In an effort to ensure that its evangelical projects are successful, the group leaders have integrated open communication. This is attained by ensuring that all its members participate in the decision making process. Team members are free to express their opinion regarding the implementation of the project. This has played a critical role in ensuring that there is harmony with regard to the decision that is taken by the group. According to Keen (2003, p.6), conflicts is one of the major factors that lead to group failure. In a team’s operation, conflicts arise from time to time due to the divergent views of the team members. These conflicts have to be resolved amicably so as to preve nt the team from failing. Ensuring open communication such as the one integrated by Acts 29 Network is one of the ways through which teams can minimize conflicts. This arises from the fact that all the members opinions are taken into consideration.Advertising Looking for article on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion In summary, Acts 29 Network has been very successful in its effort to achieve its goals. This has arisen from integration of effective communication within the group. For example, the group ensures clarity amongst all the members with regard to its mission. The network also ensures continuous communication of its mission, vision and core values. This significantly contributes towards the members being focused. The group’s success is also associated with its ability to integrate effective team dynamics. For example, the team ensures that all members participate in the de cision making process. This is achieved by integrating open communication. Reference List Acts 29 Network. (2011). About: Act 29 is passionate about churches planting  churches. Retrieved from Keen, T.(2003). Creating effective and successful teams. West Lafayette,Ind: Ichor Business Books.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Research Study on the Position of the Unites States in World Politics Paper

Study on the Position of the Unites States in World Politics - Research Paper Example ormation of a nation’s view about its importance and role in the world, but also, and perhaps more importantly, determine the manifestations of thus conceived role in trade, culture, diplomacy or war2. In the realm of world politics, however, the position of a state in the international system, along with interstate interactions, is the subject matter of a particular area of study, namely International Relations, usually defined as protracted competition between realist, liberal and radical traditions, or schools of thought3. Realism, as the dominant theoretical tradition throughout the second half of the twentieth century, most notably the Cold War, describes international affairs as â€Å"a struggle for power among self-interested states† within an anarchic environment, where each state seeks to survive on its own4. Liberalism, in turn, includes various theories such as some that regard the interactions between domestic actors – either in the political, societal or economic spheres – as the most important explanatory factors, as well as others that are predominantly focused on political constitutions, economic systems or dominant ideologies5. This paper is intended to examine the set of domestic and international factors and developments that brought about or/and facilitated the US rise to the position of global superpower during the twentieth century, in order to determine whether or not the country is able to retain this position in the years or decades to come. Being based on historical evidence, as well as taking into consideration the theoretical discourse on the basic forces that shape international outcomes6, the paper attempts an insight into China’s ability to challenge or successfully contest the current US supremacy. Historians widely agree that America’s isolationism from the early twentieth century, i.e. from the 1920s to 1940s, should be ascribed to then domestic political priorities such as the commitment to economic development and